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the capital the city that it is today. but amid this cultural mosaic, this swelling city faces some serious challenges. delhi sits on the banks of two large rivers, catal city for aongsuccess, the ganges aheamuna. delhi s fomamanyea its lonvarious peoplesfnks have left their mark on delhi. for instance, remnants of the islamic domination that started in the 12th century can be seen in old delhi. new delhi was built in the british colonial period at the end of the 19th century. its tidy grid-line streets and office buildings offer a sharp contrast to the narrow, bustling streets of old delhi. today the power that is shaping delhi is economics. beginning in the early 1900s, india made a strong push toward liberalizing its economy. with its strong international ties, s be quick keeping pace with the changing environment. products a coming in frombroad, and on their srttails comeele. with the changing environment. delhi's life-sty is cngg a. ( bus horn blaring ) drawn by the appeal of the city and the liberalized economy, more and more people are moving to delhi from the countryside. however,
of the faith. for the jews, it's the city of david. for me, it is the city in which jesus died for us and rose again from the dead. this is the beauty, but also the paradox and sometimes the tragedy of jerusalem: one city; two people; three religions. it could thus be a wonderful sign of oneness for which the whole world strives, a situation of peace or a sign of opposition. narrator: as a place of religious significance, jerusalem has few equals. but the conflict here is more about nationalism than religion. the modern story begins with upheaval not here, but in europe. in the 1930s, a growing number of zionist jews immigrated to palestine in search of a homeland safe from nazi and other persecution. they dreamed of a jewish state. but the lestin wanted their own state, too. after world war ii, the united nations proposed dividing palestine into a jewish state with slightly more than half the land, and a palestinian state with 45%. jerusalem and bethlehem were to have special status under united nations jurisdiction. in 1948, the pace quickened. at midnight on may 14, the british withdrew. so
to the world's largest ocean. we focus on the tiny city-state of singapore. despite being the smallest country in southeast asia and lacking natural resources, it is one of the wealthiest states in the world and the gateway to southeast asia. american computer giant hewlett-packard searched for a base to spearhead its push to asia. man: we basically stock and distribute hewlett-packard products, mainly computer-related products like pcs-- personal computers-- printers, plotters, scanners and all kinds of related peripherals for personal computers. and we distribute throughout the asia-pacific region, and that covers all the way from korea to india, down to australia. narrator: the company needed centralocation, but that alone wouldoteenough t. a number of cities could claim toe cad near the center of the thriving asian region. in the end, hewlett-packard chose the tiny island state,sing. soin: one of the main reasons we are in singapore is because of the infrastructure. singapore is very centrally located in asia. in addition, we have very good air, sea, rail and port facilities that allow us
on earth. we live on the frozen tundra and in the searing deserts. we live in thriving cities of millions and in isolated camps of a few dozen. some societies seem simple because they are small and their members are self-sufficient and use simple tools. others seem complex because they have large populations and people depend on each other for food and goods and use sophisticated technology. in between, there is a range that fills the spectrum. all of these differences are cultural, learned behavior, the result of a complex interaction between our inventiveness and our natural environments. as we search for new horizons, our inventiveness thrusts us across the boundaries of space, into new worlds. this new view of earth dispels an ancient myopia -- the artificial boundaries of our states and the politics that often divide us. here is a vision of one planet and one family of humankind. but the view from earth reminds us of a common human dilemma, the rise and fall of our many ways of life. here, among the ruins of ancient civilizations, archaeologists are retracing the steps in a long and
of mesoamerica, the ancient maya created magnificent city-states. here three million people once lived. in the earliest cradle of civilization, ancient mesopotamian farmers once made these deserts bloom. halfway around the world, in california, are clues to understanding the fall of mesopotamia, as farmers here struggle to overcome a threat to this fertile garden land. the ruins of ancient societies may hold keys to our own survival as, out of the past, archaeologists explore one of the greatest of mysteries -- the decline and fall of grand civilizations. mission control: ignition... and liftoff. liftoff... keach: for more than five millennia, humankind has seemed to dominate earth, both creating and destroying grand civilizations. each of these human experiments has changed our planet. this high vantage point brings us a new and sobering view. for the first time, we behold our world as finite, limited. on the darkened face of earth, the lights of cities record the expansion of our kind. just 50 years ago, two billion people lived on earth. today our global population has reached five
where their hearts are offered to gods who sanctioned conquest. every city and town in the empire pays tribute in exact amount and kind as specified by the aztecs, or risks horrible consequences. in the forests and jungles of other realms, maya kings rule great cities with the force of their own personalities. they build temples and huge stone billboards to prop up royal dynasties that have little actual power. they perform gruesome rituals that require the skins of other people. they go to war and capture players for their ball games -- games where the losers never play again. today, inside ancient pyramids, archaeologists face real danger to bring the story of these kings and their politics out of the past. before the arrival of europeans, two extraordinary civilizations flourished in mesoamerica. both the aztecs and the maya had cultures of startling sophistication, and political systems that were enormously complex. archaeologists are intrigued by ancient political systems. they want to know how these systems were organized and how they evolved. archaeologist arthur demarest. throu
with its ethnic and religious minorities. in the city of lanzhou. but lanzhou's location-- and its future-- on this frontier have much to do with the region's physical geography and naral resources. ( blowing heavily ) narrator: for centuries in this part of china, rafts like this were an important means of transportation. made of sheepskin, inflated and tied together, these rafts, called yangpi fazi, navigated the huang he, or yellow river. by looking only at the huang he, you might think lanzhou is a wet place. in fact it only receives about 12 inches of rain a year. geographer chai yangwei, in the green, follows these farmers to see how they cope with such low rainfall. peculiar to agriculture in this area, these are called "stone fields." a thin layer of stones is spread over the surface of the field to hold in moisture. stone fields can be used for about eight years. constant upkeep is necessary, however. this plot is two years old. the farmers are adding fertilizer. if the soil becomes mixed with the stones, the efficiency of a stone field decreases, so stones must be carefully swep
of urban centers like ho chi minh city. abundant water and the silt that's been deposited here over thousands of years makes the mekong delta one of the most fertile regions on earth. ( speaking vietnamese ) translator: i grow three crops of rice a year. each yields about 1,20kilograms-- a total of 3,600 kilograms a year. when the price is good i sell this rice, rrator3,0 kilograms0 but if the price is not good, pounds, is a respectable yield. improved agricultural practices have steadily increased rice output. when the mekong river enters vietnam, it fans out form a giant a. the delta land is ideally suited to growing rice. yet in the late 1970s, vieam was onhe verge of mine. translator: i grew only one crop a year. because there was no irrigation, there wasn't enough water to grow more than one crop. so we didn't procenough. ator wngomed byaywaed changes since then have turned vietnam ieffective irrigation rgesland management and accesthe benefits ofets arits physical environment. before 1988, rice in vietnam was produced by collectives. individual farmers had little responsility
geography has contributed to densely populated cities, and made japan one of the most highly urbanized countries in the world. over 80% of its population lives in urban areas. tokyo is japan's largest city. as the capital, it is the focus of most legal, pitical, and economic activities in the nation. most large corporations have their headquarters here. everything tends to concentrate in tokyo. 32 million people, or one out of every four japanese live within a 30-mile radius. while tokyo casts a large shadow, it covers only three percent of the total land mass of japan. land prices here have skyrocketed. a booming economy in the 1980s and early 1990s saw profits go into real estate speculation, contributing to a bubble of inflated values. affordable housing was in short supply. more and more people began moving out to the suburbs to fulfill their dream of owning a home. by the mid-90s, japan hit an economic slump and thasian economic crisis of 1997 hit. the bubble burst and land prices began to decline, but not by much. housing prices in tokyo are falling, but they're still at very hig
-brick city of albi in the south of france. henri grew up in a world of chateaus and privilege in a family living on the fruits of its noble past. but a france governed by the middle class was losing its taste for nobility. like many aristocrats, his father alphonse retreated into rural pastimes-- riding and hunting. an eccentric, he looked wistfully back to the family's glorious past. alphonse had married his first cousin adele, a common practice in a class anxious to preserve the purity of its bloodlines. but the results of inbreeding for henri were uncommonly cruel. his legs were short and weak. he broke each of them in early adolescence and stopped growing when he was 14. he was just under five feet tall. his head, hands and torso continued to develop. but his stunted legs made walking painful for the rest of his life. denied the aristocratic pleasures of riding and hunting, henri turned to sketching and painting rural scenes. he had a flair for it and in 1882, at the age of 18, he moved to paris to study painting. it was a move that would change the direction of his art and his life.
collection of city-states. at palenque, tonina, bonampak and other cities, dynastic kings ruled absolutely, controlling trade and tribute. they presided over intricate hierarchies of nobles and officials at courts resplendent with works of art. maya culture, shrouded in a mystery as dense as the forests in which it took root, revealed itself fitfully over three centuries. when the ruins in the jungle were first discovered, there was no way of understanding how the civilization was organized. so it's really through the inscriptions that we've been able to identify kings, to find out their capitals, their seats of power. and through this, we recognize now that there were many kingdoms. there was no unified maya state. there wasn't even just a few states. there were many, many states. (narrator) the first inroads into understanding the maya were made by spanish missionaries in the 16th and 17th centuries who followed in the imperial wake of hernan cortes. their "discoveries" included the ruins at copan. but interest in the st civilization began to accelerate in the 18th century when father an
was dead. (martin scorsese) it's incredible city poetry, this body there, lying there. you know, i come from an area where sometimes you'd see a body in the street that way. it was important for film noir to represent real cities, not these vague constructions on a studio back lot. (narrator) christmas eve in new york. (paul arthur) but to use the look of the city as a part of its stylistic web. (jean-pierre gorin) when you're in the city, you've got a space which is immediately dramatic. and you've got immediately -- you're in a universe which is maze-like and claustrophobic. the characters arewaike smas in an aquarium where all sorts of stuff is happening. look at the first sequence of "pickup on south street." one guy, whose job is to steal purses, open purses, a pickpocket in a subway. (paul arthur) the number of underground spots that we see in film noir is quite phenomenal. underground garages and subways and sewer systems. it's a manifestation of the underworld, of this secret labyrinth where criminals hide in shadows this is the image, representing a modern hell. (paul schrader)
on the relatively small island of java. e capital city jakar is the political and economic center of indonesia. the isla obali is about 600 miles to the east of jakar bali is just 90 miles long and 50 miles wide, but has a population of two and a half millio balis unique in the predominantly muslim nationf indonesia. the main religion here is hindu. in tbali is indonesia'sslim premier tourist destination, and that cates other confcts. man: we have two properties in bali. we have out 1,30employees. sheraton is focusing on delong tocalonesia to manage our chain of hotels. we have fi hotels w. welan to have about ten. rrator: domanage sardjano is not a n yonor is he a native balinese. he is at the cutting edge of a strategy to develop the indonesian economy through tourism. sardjano: i used to live in jakarta, the capital city of indonesia. i saw that bali was fast developing. its thst ofasarofndones.rga so iame reouyears ago to open up hotel here omcrh ofasarofndones.rga so iame reouyears ago narrator as parofeloplahatcd in jakar resorts like nusa dua have changed e balinese lands. sardjano: in
from distant mountains to the city streets? pope paul's new water supply, the acqua paola, or paul's water as it was called, was soon rushing into the daylight from fountains all around the city. the finest of these fountains was designed by sculptor and architect, gian lorenzo bernini. it was built in the piazza navona which stood on foundations of an ancient stadium, a material expression of the idea of eternal rome. the city had survived 100 years of political and religious turmoil, of war and destruction. despite invasions of european monarchs who'd attempted to conquer the city on the pretext of defending it, it had preserved its independence. most important, the catholic church had survived the rise of protestantism and its challenge to rome's authority. it was an extraordinary period of expansion as european colonization and exploration took its influence to the farthest corners of the earth. this roman catholic renewal, which historians call the counter reformation, was given added purpose and vigor by a remarkable group of visionaries. the spanish mystic and philosopher te
beginning of los angeles, sold ice creams even before there was a city. the river that moves central to this land base, that is first water, and then concrete, and then water again, is sort of a wish for the future. the quiva at the center, which is the home place, the oven, the womb, as it were. the little, tiny houses that represent first sonora town, east los angeles, all the way through to chavez ravine. and in the land, the sleeping giant, who represents the mexicano/latino population of this region, awakes. first sleeping as a female, then male, then a female who o has the borr hammered into her back, awakes. and her hand pours out the blood that becomes this kind of march of humanity led by a spirit warrior, who is an azteca. i guess i've always been a visual artist. i was known through high school for my capacity to draw. and as i went off to art school, i focused on painting. sculpture was also a great interest of mine. well, we've just officially joined the -- now come into the next segment of the mural production. and we are going to paint. every artist has a mentor in the
in one of the world's oldest civilizations. near the neck of the delta is the city of cairo. dathstreets arive-- 11 million people crowd the city, 68 million crowd the country. and though the bounty of the nile is great, the agriculture it supports is not sufficient to feed the people of egypt. and so the pressure to use more of the nile's water for desert irrigation mounts. the nile valley is one of the most densely populated areas in the world. ninety-five percent of egypt's people live on and depend on just five percent of the land. but the nile river and its narrow ribbon of fertile soil has fed egypt for most of its long history. every year when the river flooded, it left a rich layer of silt to grow crops in. nourished by the wild river, the ere was as ferle as anyn eah. but nearly 50 years ago, egypt decided to tame the nile. the aswan high dam was the greatest public work project since the pyramids. twenty-four ancient monuments were moved, but many others disappeared under the new lake. lake nasser, the world's largest man-made lake, holds two years' worth of the nile's water. w
's population lives on the relatively small island of java. the capital city jakarta is the political and economic center of indonesia. the isla obali is about 60 miles to the east of jakar bali is just 90 miles long and 50 miles wide, but has a population of two and a half millio li is unique in the predominantly muslim nation of innesia. the main religion here is hindu. bali is indonesia's premier tourist destination, and that cates other confcts. man: we have two properties in bali. we have ou1,30employees. sheraton is focusing on delongocal ionesia to manage our chain of hotels. we have fi hotels w. we plan to have about ten. naator: domanager sardjano is not . your engsh in the class. nor is he a native balinese. he is at the cutting edge of a sategy to develop the indonesian economy through tourism. sardjano: i used to live ijakarta, the capital city of indonesia. i saw that bali was fast developing. its the east ofasarofndonesia.soame reour o to open up hotel here omcrh narrator as parofeveloplatcd in jakar ofasresorts like nusa duaour o have changed e balinese lands. sajano:
for him to be tried on british soil. violence is raging in cities across syria as rebel fighters clash with regime of syrian president bashar al-assad. attacks and homs has increased. ariel and ground attacks have been reported on aleppo, while a bombing at the police headquarters in damascus left one officer dead. tens of thousands of people took to the streets in cities across spain on sunday and a lettuce-to protest against governor -- government-oppose austerity. union leaders have warned of a potential general strike to the spanish government continue to cut public spending. thousands of people have rallied in guatemala over the killings of six indigenous protesters who were shot dead last week. the victims were taking part in a road blockade to oppose living costs and educational policies when government forces opened fire. another 24 -- 34 people were wounded. thousands of workers staged a one-day strike on friday at the foxconn factory in china known for poorly treating workers who help make apple products such as the iphone. the group china labor watch says up to 4000 foxconn
artist joan miro. born in the catalan city of barcelona in 1893, miro has remained close to the land and its people. but as a young man in paris, he joined th friends like max ernst and jean arp in the emerging surrealist movement of the 1920s. in his painting "the farm," miro's characteristic symbols and themes began to appear: serpentine shapes, checkerboard patterns, infinite sce represented by the moon or a star. in 1922, he painted "the farmer's wife," the ancestress of countless female symbols that also became a continuing motif in miro's art. in 1924, his art broke free of gravitational constraints in theurrealistic world of "harlequin's carnival." over the years, he developed his own personal symbolism, and in the 1950s, the scale of his art grew with such works as a mural at harrd university and "the wall ofhe sun" for unesco in pas. as his work grew in size, miro continued what he termed "a process of simplification." he stated, "little by little, i have managed to reach a point at which i use no more than a small number of forms and colors this process found a culminating
practices here in a very large city, such as a sweat lodge? where do you set that up in a very large city? >> that's a good question, because the one i ran here was two months ago and it was out in burr ridge. one of our practices is we use willow building the sweat lodges. so i say it took me five hours to find willow in chicago. and i looked all over, around the rivers, and i finally found it. but there's other places, out in the suburbs. one of the hardest things is finding wood, wood to burn. more or less, they want to buy the wood, and i say we should go and cut the wood and - but it can be done, nothing can be stopped. we'll always be, i'll be running a sweat here, hopefully, by saturday. >> warren, have you been in here yet? >> yeah. i was wondering if native americans have developed some pool of mythic stories about the coming of western man to united states, for example? have they - is there anything in the myths that spoke to that? >> well, there's nothing- the way i was raised and brought up is we're all here together now. i hold no grudges against nobody. as far as the stories
-edged sword. the agricultural benefits of those periodic floods are offset by damage to homes and cities, and, in some cases, to the people who inhabit them. the edges of flood plains are marked by levees- ridges of sediment left atop river banks by floods. once formed, levees serve as natural barriers confining rivers during periods of ordinary flow. they may even protect low-lying areas from flooding if the level of a river isn't too high. for this reason, artificial levees designed to contain a river during flood stages are often built. but artificial levees can themselves create problems. by confining the river to a narrow channel, levees accelerate the build-up of sediment, raising the river bed higher and higher. and levees can provide a false sense of security. if a river overtops its levees to flood the surrounding land, the levees can actually prolong flooding by preventing water from draining back into the river. most people don't appreciate the fact that the flood plain is a part of the stream itself. the flood plain is where rivers store discharge during periods of high flows and
. by 1550 bc, power had shifted to a n kingdom 500 miles south in the ancient city of thebes, now called luxor. to the west, in the hills beyond the nile's west bank, the royal tombs of the valley of the kings were cut into limestone cliffs. their interiors are richly decorated with hieroglyphs and paintings-- signs and symbols that detail the necessary steps to attain immortality. egypt's power and the grandeur that came with it were well-established by 2500 bc when the great pyramids at giza were built. the sphinx was a philosophy of government set in stone. it depicted the king as fearless, cunning and brave as the lion. and as crucial to egypt as the nile itself. the king was not just a political leader but a religious leader too. in the minds of the ancient egyptians, the pharaoh's power and authority as a king stretched far beyond the boundaries of his country-- and into the cosmos itself. after death, he would escape the earthly bounds of his tomb, board a solar boat and sail into immortality. this vision became material in objects and images founin the tombs and temples as a way
rupture city, honey, rupture city, you're going to be in trouble. so they tell you let your mouth open and let the air come out and it keeps coming out, out, out. where did all that air come, you've got compressed air down there. and you let your mouth-- let the air come out as you rise. so you don't all of a sudden blow up like this and really hurt yourself. you wanna see what an exam question would be on a balloon question like this, gang? here is an exam question in there. as this balloon starts to sink, will it sink all the way to the bottom? how many people say, "oh no, it'll get down "to a certain elevation like everything and kind of just stop, even rocks, man." you throw a rock overboard, it'll finally go down, the pressure will get so much it'll just kind of hang there. they all are scuba diver types, have you done that? they'll say, "watch out for those rocks, honey." rocks hanging in the air. when you throw a rock off, does it sink all the way to the bottom? and will that balloon sink all the way to the bottom? okay, now here is a question i got to ask you. as this balloon s
can do anything to it and it doesn't matter. cities have pumped vast quantities of untreated sewage into the ocean. new york city has dumped garbage in the ocean. ships have thrown their wastes overboard or discharged their sewage directly overboard without treatment. the beaches of imperial beach, california, a seaside community south of san diego, are closed during much of the year because high levels of pollution pose a danger to swimmers and surfers. two miles to the south is the city of tijuana, mexico. almost half of the homes and businesses in this rapidly growing urban area are not connected to a sewer system. ababout half a mile short of that two miles is the mouth of the tijuana river, where a million acre watershed pours water and unconnected sewage from homes that are unsewered in mexico down into the watershed, and that's out the mouth of the river where the sewage flows north or south, depending on ocean currents. the rapid growth of industry along the border has also created severe pollution problems. most mexican factories do not treat their wastes before dumping the
-- wipe out city. you guys know about the golden gate bridge in new york, i guess. how the golden gate bridge is-- get the same resonance. yeah, they really screwed up in this, man. talk about the disaster of the earthquakes. the golden gate--i mean, the george washington bridge, george washington. [laughter] you guys been known the george washington bridge has a resonant frequency that's equal to that of cat's trot? you guys know about that. cat, yeah. medium-sized cat. who's from new york city? they can back me up on this. you're gonna cross the-- walk across the george washington bridge. they got a little cat guard, little sign, "no cats." now, a lot of people think that's cute and that's a joke. but come on, you're physics type. we know what, right? you know i do. you know how a cat runs, by the way. you got a cat running. 20 minutes later. beautiful timing. how about a dog? but the cats, honey. guess what they found out that the natural of frequency of the george washington bridge is? so what would happen if you let a cat run across that bridge? you know, you guys, you notice when
secular beliefs bring you? we have beautiful farms, a simple life. you run off to cities, take jobs you hate, lock your parents in homes when they get old, don't have the sense of family we have, don't have the sense of beauty in a quiet, agricultural life." in fact, these believers are doing just fine, thank you. not only have they kept the modern world with all its problems at bay, nationally, they have grown from a meager band of 5,000 in 1900 to over 100,000 today. and their farms survive while many modern farms are failing. in fact, they survive very well, and simplicity and beauty and a sense of family and community. so the dilemma of the amish faith is a dilemma we find throughout our exploration of world views- the ideal of standing apart from secular society must be balanced by the very real need to be a part of the world. so though the door closes, it must again open on the modern world around it. >> you know, since we've done that video interview, you see it's not so much that they're freezing a culture, what's going on here is more along the line of it's a nonconformity but
. and most--the little particles make up... take 133 million tons. that's several city blocks. scrunch all those atoms up, 133 million tons, scrunch them up until all these things here cave into one another. you got the size of a pea. so take the size of a pea and spread out a city block, that's how atoms are, most of them. so these things go right through our body without ever making a direct hit. you get, maybe, one direct hit per year on the average, one got me, okay? very, very seldom, okay? you know what? 1987, the supernova-- the supernova in the heavens-- and showered the whole universe with neutrinos. and neutrino flecks were so enormous that about one out of every 248 people, something like that, got one of those neutrinos, caught one and the rest went just right by through us, right through the other side, never, never making a direct hit. why? because the space between the little particles of the atom are enormous compared to the size of the particular nucleons or electrons. kinda neat, huh? so if there's a great big beam of neutrons coming right by, you just walk right through
unit was established in atlanta, being that it was the largest city in the southeast, to make sure that those mosquito populations were kept under control around the military bases, so that malaria wouldn't come back in this part of the country. and the way you control it, and the way we did in this country, was you got to get rid of the mosquito vector. that takes a sophisticated... well, it takes an organized community effort. the chinese did that in southern china. many places around the world have had malaria problems-- brazil-- that they've brought under control. not so in africa. eradication efforts are erratic. yellow fever is another mosquito-transmitted virus that the french encountered when they occupied west africa. so the way the french dealt with this was to conduct an ongoing every-four-year campaign to vaccinate every person in every country they occupied. they had groups of doctors and nurses--that's all they did. they just went from village to village on this four year cycle. that way, the most that could happen is you'd have a group of susceptible children, but it
pan. oh, you burn yourself. tattoo city, honey. you have burned yourself. take that same frying pan, this time, pour a little water in it. now, put the wat-filled frying pan on the stove, tu around, the telephone ring. [makes noise] "what's it--no, no, "i don't want any aluminum siding on my house. thank you anyway." boom. you come back later, a few minutes later, put your hand on the water, huh, - it's okay? - it's okay. it's okay? if you can do that, you can do that, it's okay. now, i got a question for you, which do you suppose has more internal energy? which has absorbed more heat, the frying pan empty or the frying pan with the water in it? think. i'm not asking which has got the higher temperature. i'm asking a different question. i'm saying, which has absorbed the most heat? and your neighbor says... -- what's the answer, gang? the water. the water has absorbed more heat. but you know what? it's not as hot. the tempature is not so high. so some substances will absorb an awful lot of heat for only a small change in temperature. iron, put a little heat energy in it, whoop, the
, the bar on this one as ain't before, you know, the whole city is a barricade, you know? something that happens slowly, slowly, slowly, you get used to and you accept. it's like the nuclear missiles, right? first a few, right? then a few more, then a few more gradually they-- living in a whole world ready to blow up and well, you kinda get used to it. [laughter] small enough doses. something happens in san francisco at fisherman's wharf all the time that kinda bothers me. it's like auschwitz there. auschwitz. you get down there you wanna get your crabs, you wanna get your lobsters or you go to fisherman's wharf and you wanna order a nice lobster dinner. now how do you-- what do you think that-- with that lobster you're eating, what do you suppose-- the fate of that lobster is before you eat it? they come out and say, "hey, do you want this one here?" and this old charlie go like this, you know, "hey, hey, not me, not me." [laughter] and take you on your charlie's. what do they do to that lobster? boiled. they boil that lobster. now, is there any concern for the lobster's well being
into california in the 1960s, and into expansion within the inner city ghettos of san francisco and los angeles. so, as the group moved and expanded its traditional christian commitment to social justice, equality, and so on, it changed, and some of the members tended to be more politically committed, with less of an emphasis on christianity. >> social justice, inclusiveness, caring about the poor - these are great ideals. how do we go from these beautiful ideals to tragic suicide in the jungles of guyana? >> i think it's really hard to understand why people who join a group with high intentions and noble ideals end up ultimately killing their children and themselves. and i don't think anyone who joined people's temple in the beginning ever thought or imagined that they would end up on the cover of newsweek as a dead body. but what happens, i think, as you become part of an organization that requires total commitment, you begin to make compromises, which are justified by your faith and commitment - that your goal is worthy; racial equality is something that we want. however, if you begin to coe
they're all the same? how many say i'd wear these ones here. squint city, honey. what's gonna come through those glasses? polaroids light. you got to drive like this, okay. [laughter] --a cup of coffee, please. okay. occupational you-- no, this is what you get. see. the--yeah. the polaroid glasses that you buy are-- usually like this because most of the glare comes from horizontal surfaces. what if you're a painter all the time? you paint in vertical surfaces then you probably wear glasses like these. i don't where do you get them. okay? but usually the glariest polaroid is horizontal so we cut the horizontal off like that. you're gonna like that, honey, that light came in--it's okay. but--and now what you see is without glare, hmm? do you know what this pair are for? 3ds. 3d movies, used to be popular. used to be 3d movies where you have two projectors are going one at one time and you've gotta see each scene independently so the polaroids-- one in this way. you got your glasses that way, the other projectors polarizing this way, you got glasses that way. boom. each eye sees an in
up cities like that if you had someone keep doing that, right? yeah. we have a better way. i'll show you next week, okay? let's look at this device here. it turns out how much charge can be stored on those little-- there has to do with the radius of curvature of the ball on the top, yeah. the radius of curvature. what would happen if we have a large radius of curvature? store a lot of charge or a little? -- right here, gang, we're gonna be seeing this, yeah. but how about if you have a small radius of curvature like this point? it's a very, very sharp point. very small radius of curvature. will that store a lot of charge or a little? answer begins with a l? little. a little. in fact so little, it won't-- watch this. when i touched the point this time, and i come over like this, i guarantee you, you will not hear any lightning. crank this thing all night long and--no way. you know why no way? because that point is so sharp that charge capacity there is so small that any charge that gets on there leaks off as fast as it gets on. so the charge leaks off and here you see there was a prev
that pond. the pond is getting deeper and deeper and the city workmen come out and they stuck some boards, like shelving boards, just pine lumber, one-inch pine lumber. it turns out right on those slots. and that's what they were. they were slots to hold some boards for when the dam got extra deep. and son of a gun, if that dam didn't fill up just up like that-- [makes sound] --and these boards are holding back tons and tons of water. we kids look at that and we say, "gee, if the board does that, what was the concrete for?" let me ask you a question. could it have made it with all that board? no. what would happen to the dam, honey? begin with s-p, end with loosh. [laughter] sploosh. okay? so it turn-- how about if a great, big ship comes by here? [makes sound] that board still gonna hold that water back? if there's no-- answer ends with a p. yup. yup. now, if the water is moving-- [makes sound] --a lot of momentum of the water is gonna crash into the boat, that's different. but if the water is still, gets deeper and deeper, that water pressure against here depends only on the density of
the ground-water system. so, there's kind of a sustainable quantity. the primary issue that cities, particularly in the southwest, are having to look at is the idea of sustainability. in other words, how much water does it take to sustain a certain lifestyle, a certain quality of life? narrator: maddock hopes to use his models to educate people about the effects of falling water tables and to help deter overpopulation of these areas in the future. dr. maddock: the research that we're doing on surface-water/ground-water systems is tied in to the management of a regional water supply, which, in turn, is connected to a state or country water supply, which, in turn, is connected into international issues involving water supply, so that the things that we study in our area ultimately lead to producing water-management capabilities that are used in other places throughout the world. narrator: while maddock's research is based in the semi-arid southwest, professor wendy graham's research lies across the country in an area where the quantity of water isn't an issue with 50 inches, or 1 1/4
, yeah? watch this, gang. fire city. thathing is burning up. look at that all right. okay. why with the wood but not with the metal? neighbor time, neighbor time. okay. what would be the answer, gang? heat transfer is-- most of the energy here went to what, the paper or the metal? metal. the metal. how much was lt in the paper? none. and before i can get the paper up to 451, i've got to make that very, very good conductor back there at 451, too. and that takes a lot and lot of energy to do. and so you didn't see the paper ignite. never got to 451. this is considerably more than 451 degrees, considerably more. when i wrapped it around the wood, look the wood is all scarred now. look at that. you saw the paper light up. why? because i didn't have to heat up all the wood to 451, just the surface. see? just the surface. and it--right up easily. but around--on a piece of metal, all the heat is conducted all throh here. let's try something similar. this time, i've got-- oh, i'll take a paper cup rst. paper cup, some wate okay, my flame aga. there we go. water in the cup. then, you kn
the cooling. and, honey, if you wanna get wasted, talk about limp city, you will really get wasted if you stay in the hot tub too long. and you think sometime, people thinking, oh, you come out, "hey, hey, man, hey." no, it's not that way. you come out-- [makes sound] [laughter] you're all wasted. you're all drained out. if you--i wonder, too, about these deodorants, you know? you put these deodorants on that make it so you don't perspire? can those be good for you? that mean you're gonna overheat. if you prevent natures function, sweating, you're gonna overheat. and if you overheat, your heart overworks, and, honey, you get wasted, not energized. just the other way around. kinda makes sense, huh? hey, if evaporation is a cooling process, how about boiling? "oh, no, boiling wouldn't be a cooling process. boiling is a heating process." oh, no, no, no, boiling is a cooling process. don't believe it? you come home sometime, your hands are all hot and sticky, you wanna cool them off. your mom's over there cooking a great big pot of boiling water ready to put some spaghetti in. you read in the book
in the city. two days out of jail, and you're back again? what's your story this time? >> both: i don't know nothing. >> thirty days. >> going to be good. >> game theory forces us to think about choices, strategies, and payoffs. not in a way that reduces us to easily predictable individuals caught in a grid, but in relation to the activity of others. in the iterated prisoner's dilemma, it would be great if everybody played a pure cooperate strategy, since this is what would give the greatest payoff. but the temptation to cheat, to buck the system, is there. maybe that's the point, that math goes beyond our instincts. our instincts are often wrong, and mathematics, carefully considered, can be a guide beyond the gut. with mathematics, we can show that a common behavior that we might consider foolish can in fact make considerable sense. sometimes these "odd" strategies are informally encoded in cultural norms, like the golden rule. at its heart, that's perhaps really what game theory is about: the evolution of these rules and norms or institutions that make the best of the difficult situation
findings, we find a much more dense population, not only on the site, on the ancient city, but also in the outlying lowland areas. obregon: dr. alez has ao been studying the central pyramid gonzalez: this pyramid is, for this time period--around 400 b.c.-- probly the largest pyramid he oec world at that time. the olmecs seem to haacked earth and then held it in place by rows of limestone. obregon: electronic sounding devices have detected a dense, rectangular object, possibly a tb, close to the summit. futu excavations may reveal that this manmade mountain was ri mou fo olm rer. the extrrdinary achievements at la venta and san lorenz were long thought toe uniqueo the cotal lowlands. but ongoing excavations far from the coast indicate otherwise. in the shadow of the volcano popocatepetl in the mexican highlands chalcatzingo, a ancient regional center at i height om arnd 700 to 0 b.c. new speaker: chalcatzin is a uniq site in the central mexican highlands. it's the only site in the highlands withas-relief carvings in the olm style the anent village of chalcatzingo, set on a terraced h
city, to see that it gets monies to build its various- rebuild its various buildings. and it's thriving, even though the town is not all mormon. and what has fascinated me is when it was built, the people who built it were very, very skilled tradesmen, and they built it in a communal type way, so that each family who came helped everyone build the homes, and then when that house was completed, they went on and built another, and the houses were very well built, and are- it's a wonderful place to visit, to see history very much alive. >> you know, you're so right, and you're hitting very close to home, because my 11-year-old daughter lilly's fifth-grade class went to nauvoo, and being a good parent, i chaperoned along, so i was just there a couple weeks ago, and you're so right about the zeal. and it brings up this fascinating question, we talked about it with myth: did joseph smith actually find plates revealed to him by a divine personage that revealed a new book and this plan? well, people are going to argue back and forth, and if you go to nauvoo, as you well know, you're going to fi
, not only on the site, on the ancient city, but also in the outlying lowland areas. obregon: dr. alez has ao been studying the central pyramid gonzalez: this pyramid is, for this time period--around 400 b.c.-- probably the largest pyramid he oec world at that time. the olmecs seem to haveacked earth and then held it in place by rows of limestone. obregon: electronic sounding devices have detected a dense, rectangular object, possibly a tb, close to the summit. futu excavions may reveal that this manmade mountain was a ri mou fo oec rer. the extraordinary achievements at la venta and san lorenz were long thought toe uniqueo the coastal lowlands. but ongoing excavations far from the coast indicate otherwise. in the shadow of the volcano popocatepetl in the mexican highlands es chalcatzingo, an ancient regional center at its height om arnd 700 to 0 b.c. new speaker: chalcatzin is a unique site in the central mexican highlands. it's the only te in the highlands with bas-relief carvings in the olm style the ancient village of chalcatzingo, set on a terraced hillside-- these were large terraces, p
to today's city of kumamoto on the southern island of kyushu. it was here as lord the hosokawa domain that he established his own school of tea to maintain the tradition of the ceremony as it had been reshaped by his master, rikyu. this is the tea garden in kumamoto, which sansai designed for his own use. tea was brought to japan originally from tang dynasty china by . over time, the preparation and serving of the tea evold into a zen discipline for fosing awareness. in the 14th century, zen monks introduced tea to the imperial court and the warrior class. the zen resonance remained strong, but in the hands of the daimyo warrior, the tea ceremony became more an aesthetic experienc at the stone water basin in front of the tea house, symbolically, with every motion prescribed, the invited guest washes ay the dust of the material world, and enters the puried domain of the tea ceremony. in sansai's day, the guest might well have been adaimyo from a neighboring domain. the host was at pains to prepare for his guest a pleasurable experience. the guest's role was to be fully aware of the bea
of california. >> welcome back. beyond the bustle of the big city is an undiscovered paradise called california country. >> here in san diego county, flowers are all around us to enjoy, to smell, and now even to eat. anyone who has received a bouquet of flowers will tell you the magnificent qualities about them aren't just limited to their awe-inspiring beauty or to their sweet floral scent. they can offer so much more. just ask john clemons, a flower farmer for more than 20 years now. you can step onto his farm in the town of jamul and think it looks similar to the other dozens of flower farms in s@n diego county. but look a little closer, and you'll discover a sweet surprise. >> in the mid-nineties, i was lookin' through a book, came across a recipe for crystallized violets, and i thought, hmm. egg whites, dip the flower in. throw it in sugar. roll it around. put it down. it dries, and you have something crunchy that's nonperishable. it's completely dried, and it's sugarcoated. i thought, "oh, my god. cold food side. they could use 'em on desserts. i've gotta figure out how to do this." >> im
the bustle of the big city is an undiscovered paradise called california country. >> we're in san francisco. beauty has gone organic. and it's so farm fresh, people like me just can't wait to start feeding their skin. at sephora in the bay area, the hunt is on for the perfect potion to turn back the hands of time. and thanks to a new product, customers are getting exactly what they asked for. and one thing is for sure--the old adage that you are what you eat takes on an entirely different meaning now. juice beauty is the name of a new product line started by women in the bay area who began to look at skin care from a different perspective. >> [indistinct] organic green apples a little bit? >> ok. um, yeah. yeah, actually. >> yeah. >> some apple. >> it's just really a lot of organic fruits. >> smells like applesauce. >> uh, yeah, but in a good way. i never really thought about what i was putting all over my body. and so, when i became pregnant at a little bit later age--'cause i had developed several businesses--i started really reading ingredients, and i thought, oh, my gosh. i know i can d
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